‘Sleeping like a baby’ is not a luxury that everyone can enjoy. With the growing stress in the modern lifestyle, there are several types of sleep disorders that people suffer from. The worst part is that many do not even realize that they are suffering from a sleep disorder. Knowing the types of sleep disorders, the factors that cause them and the ways to tackle them can help you sleep better. A good night’s sleep is critical to your physical and mental health.
This is the most common type of sleep disorder where the patient finds it difficult to fall asleep. There are also situations where the patient wakes up a lot during the night. Lack of quality sleep, shows in the form of dark circles, weight problems and the feeling of persistent fatigue. Insomnia is when the person finds it nearly impossible to get enough hours of sleep. From consuming caffeine at night to increased intake of sugary food items and a late dinner can lead to insomnia. Ensure that you keep your electronic devices away from you when you are in your bed. The blue light from the screens of devices is known to stimulate the brain cells and will interrupt with your sleep.
Central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea are commonly occurring types. In the former condition, the problem occurs due to an issue within the central nervous system. The nerve signals that are essential for the normal functioning of the respiratory system are affected. During the case of obstructive sleep apnea, the throat muscles that play a vital role in breathing fail to function while sleeping. Men are more vulnerable to sleep apnea than women. This can occur in both kids and adults. There are hereditary factors that can increase the risks of sleep apnea. Obesity is known to be another risk factor associated with this sleep disorder.
Though not very common as sleep apnea or insomnia this is a severe condition that can lead to depression and other mental health implications. The feeling of being awake accompanied by a total paralysis of the body can be a scary incident leaving one feeling helpless. Narcoleptic patients are at higher risk for developing sleep paralysis at one point or the other.
While insomnia indicates, the difficulty in falling asleep narcolepsy is characterized by the difficulty in staying awake. There could be specific triggers that cause sleepiness and also excessive sleepiness during the day time. There are various types of treatments that are available today to treat those with narcolepsy.
Causes of sleep disorders
Weight issues are known to be one of the most significant reasons for sleep disorders. This is also a complicated cycle as lack of sleep, or excessive sleepiness can also lead to weight problems. Stress and health conditions and certain types of medications can also lead to sleep problems. Mental health factors, as well as unhealthy lifestyle choices, can also take a toll on your sleep patterns.